Decree 35 brings many positive changes to the legal framework for IPs and EZs, addresses various shortcomings of Decree 82 and is expected to attract more investment in IP and EZ development. For example, the requirement of a minimum 60% occupancy rate no longer applies and housing accommodation for employees working in IPs and EZs.
Decree 41 serves to support companies during the Covid-19 Epidemic. It sets out which taxes (VAT, CIT, PIT) and land rent can be deferred for how long and in which sectors. It is worthwhile to be aware that the tax authorities may not agree with deferral as requirements are not met and penalties might apply. Furthermore, if the fiscal year is not the same as a calendar year it is not clear if deferral will be possible.
The long-awaited Decree 10 sets out several business conditions applicable to a transportation business by vehicles. These businesses include the app-based taxi services provided by Grab and Be. The discussion that has been going on for a long time on the type of services they provide has probably come to an end.
A substantial amount of information has been shared on the economic impact of the Corona virus, however, what does it mean for your business from a legal perspective. In this update we will set out some issues you might have to consider in light of the Labour Code as well as the Civil Code in connection with the steps taken by the Government.
The law will also impact e-commerce activities of offshore entities; and introduces new definitions. Finally, legal reps need to be aware that they can be prevented from exiting Vietnam when the company has not paid due taxes. Please note that 6 months remain to take measures to remain compliant.
The new Labour Code includes substantial changes to recognise the evolution of labour relationships under the impact of the Industrial Revolution 4.0. Important is also that the draft for the first time contains a definition of sexual harassment, which is already prohibited under the current Labour Code.
The 2019 Law on Securities for the first time ever mentions foreign investors' participation on the securities market. The law also amends and adds definitions, and separates the initial and additional public offering. Furthermore, the conditions for both public and non-public offerings will be tightened, and the maximum fine will be increased.
As of 1 July 2020 it will become easier to switch to a different type of visa for foreign investors and job-finders who entered the country on a tourist visa. There will also be more types of visa available for foreign investors and duration depends on investment but can be up to 10 years.
Decision 26 is expected to speed up the equitisation of SOEs and divestment of State capital to create a level playing field for business entities, generate funds for infrastructure projects and comply with international commitments and free trade agreements.
Decree 75 contains a general framework for administrative penalties such as warnings and fines, additional sanctions and remedial measures such as suspension of operations, confiscation of profits or revocation of enterprise registration are amongst the additional sanctions, and correction of false information, restructuring of dominant entities, removal of illegal terms.
Circular 6 results in changes on use of foreign exchange related to foreign direct investment in Vietnam. The definition of FDI enterprise, and the scope of when a direct or indirect investment capital account should be used have changed. Guidelines are provided about the use of foreign currencies and VN Dong.
The EVFTA has been signed and is expected to enter into force in 2020. It is an ambitious agreement that not only addresses trade issues, but also sustainability (environment/human rights), and covers dispute settlement. There is a separate agreement that will cover the investor's protection. Companies that would like to take advantage of the EVFTA will - amongst others - have to take into consideration the country of origin and SPS requirements.
Amendments are expected related to conditional business lines; and clarifications are provided for Business Investment and Market Access Conditions. Notable are also the proposed amendments about M&A approval requirement, investment incentives, IRC, offshore investments, legal representatives and minority shareholders.
Vietnam is a dynamic country with an economy that continues to grow and modernise and has a lot to offer. It is a unique country and provides extensive opportunities if you are willing to spend the time to understand the market and the people living and working in it.
Since Vietnam has joined the WTO in 2007, investment opportunities in Vietnam have developed immensely. Nevertheless, there are undoubtedly many challenges in doing business here, some of which we will touch upon the main points in our guide “Doing Business in Vietnam".
In this guide you can find information about:
Ways to invest and available incentives;
Types of legal entities you can setup;
The do’s and don’ts of borrowing or lending money;
Competition law, contract law, intellectual property rights law, the labour code and dispute resolution;
What to do in case of insolvency, bankruptcy, or dissolution; and